KUNEMECHE: A CHAKHESANG NAGA TRADITIONAL HOUSE OF MERIT
|Kunemeche: a Chakhesang Naga house type exhibited in IGRMS|
The hierarchal nature of traditional Naga society is attributed to the social achievements. The social status of a person or a family is counted on the basis of feast he or his family has given to the villagers. The social designation of richman or a noble family among the traditional Naga society is merely not comprehend to the accumulation wealth in ones possession but measured in terms of an effective use and disposal for the cause of their society. The affluence of wealth with huge resources of livestocks and bumper harvest of crops in a family is more aptly and meaningfully utilized in the form of a grand feast to gain social status.
|Chakhesang Naga tribe from Nagaland performing dance in front|
of their house at IGRMS.
Skulls of wild beast and animals hunted by the person during the time of construction or collective activities of hunting game are also decorated above the main door. The motifs of human head and skull of hornbill represents the symbol of courage and victory over raids. It is also associated with the concept of fertility. Five upright pillars standing in the front of the house bears carved motives of warriors; the spirit of which will guard and protect the house from any kind of destructions and unwanted evil forces. Kunemeche has a varandah in front and it has a spacious hall inside. The house is occupied by a number of big household items like pounding table, log drum, wooden cot and containers for storing rice beer. A hearth lying near the seat household head is the kitchen where they cook their food items. The wooden seat of household head is prepared from a single log and it is prohibited for others to use it. This wooden seat is a pride possession of the owner and unwanted use of it is a kind of disrespect to the head of the house. A hanging platform above the hearth is used for preserving meat and vegetables. With constant fumigation and heat from the hearth, the food items kept on these hanging shelves get dehydrated and preserved for a longer days of consumption. The uppermost shelve is used for storing baskets, drying grains, stacking firewood etc. Another room is kept separately to the western corner from the rest part of the hall. Bamboo matted walls are raised to separate this room and it is reserved for the children and guest of the family.
Kharu (village gate)
|Kharu: a Chakhesang Naga village gate|
exhibited in the premises of the museum (IGRMS)