Locally known as Tokopat (the leaves of a Palm species) is widely used as thatching material among the tribes of Arunachal Pradesh especially the Galo, Adi and Nyishi tribes. Collection of Tokopat exhibit unique skill and knowledge and this traditional wisdom has been transferred from old generations to the new through a continuous practice. From felling of leaves, piling up and preparing bundles by folding the leaves, they proficiently use a single Dao (cutting tool) which protect them to collect the leaves efficiently from the throny stalks and spike like trunk. The bundle in itself is a unit consisting of 10 to 15 Toko leaves. One interesting aspect of the preparation of bundle is the effective use of binding elements, extracted from the Toko stalks. For a convinient transport, a strap like extra loop is raised from the knot of the binding element. The sustainable use of Tokopat greatly helped the people of this region to fulfill their domestic and economic needs from time immomerial. With the introduction of GI sheet in the region, the knowledge based on the traditional norms of collecting Tokopat appears to have been gradually declining.
The video was taken during field visit at Magigaon, Papumpare district of Arunachal Pradesh. The village is homogenously pocketed by the Galo tribe. This small clip taken from mobile can give some account of the importance of Tokopat collection among the Galo tribe of Arunachal Pradesh.

Traditional Pot Woven With Bark of a Tree

An earthen pot used for preparing rice beer by the Maring tribe

Earthen Pot is one of the greatest invention in the history of human civilization. Every civilizational need of human life possesses signature of a cultural group, community or individual. Pot as an intimate civilizational need also endorses different historical and cultural values of the population who makes and uses it. There are several earthen wares and ceramic materials identified with different type of art work and signatures providing cultural identity of a particular community or geographical areas.

Presenting in this video is a bark woven pot used by the Maring tribe of Manipur in their festive and religious occasions. The tribe purchase and exchange goods to obtain pots from the neighboring Meitei community at Andro village and they give their ethnic signature by weaving the outer surface with barks and convert the pots uniquely decorated vessel for ceremonial uses. This ethnic touch allows them to called Maring Yu Chaphu means the Maring vessel for keeping rice beer.

The video was taken on mobile during field work at Shandangshemba Maring village and workshop at the Tribal Museum and Research Centre Imphal, Manipur (INDIA).

A traditional house of Mishing tribe, Jengraimuk village, Majuli, Assam