The biological achievement of an erect posture by the human in the evolutionary journey was a landmark that changed the notion of human life on the planet earth. This significant change enabled the human to carry large brain and attain bipedal locomotion. With the advantage of an opposable thumb to hold and capability of speech to communicate, they could harness the stone tools and shaped the world of their own. The raise of technology begins with the use of stone tools.  
Knowledge systems evolve through human interactions among themselves and with the exploitation of nature. The Indigenous Technological Knowledge which is filled with astounded wisdom of sustainability has always been a basis of modern discovery. 

This International Day of Indigenous People on 9th August 2015, the Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya came up with an exhibition on the exciting ethnographic collections of traditional technology.
Ranging from simple household tools; ingeniously fashioned hunting and fishing gears; creatively devised agricultural and constructions implements to the aesthetically designed traditional machines, the tribal and folk communities of India have a wide knowledge of simple science to offer to the world. The basic principles of simple tools that works with lever actions, pulleys and inclined planes need no theoretical explanations to the tribal and indigenous communities who practically harnesses all these applications in their day to day life activities. Moreover, there are many more facets of traditional knowledge preserved in the minds of native people that remained unexplored.

Some important highlights of the exhibition












JHAKMAKI
a traditional fire making device
Tribe: Juang
State: Odisha

Jhakmaki is a kit used as traditional device for making fire by the Juang tribe of Odisha. It is made out of a small segment of bamboo lidded with cocoon cover which is split into two equal halves. Dry cotton fibres and small pieces of quartzite stone as flint is stored in the bamboo tube. A small iron piece attached to cocoon is used to striking element to the flints so that spark can be produced to kindle fire in the cotton which is stuffed inside. The fire produced in cotton is used to light the cigar and other purpose. Prevalence of such an ancient technique among the indigenous communities proves their indigenous technological knowledge.


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Fish keeping basket with lid
Tribe: Rabha
State: Assam


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Sanchipat Lekhan
(age old practice of writing manuscript)


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About 86 objects based on the traditional knowledge and technology of the native Indian people are housed in this exhibition.

We will come up with more updates from the exhibition. Please share your views.


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